APJ Abdul Kalam in full “Abul Pakir Jainulbadin Abdul Kalam”also known as “Missile Man”was born on October 15,1931 in Rameshvaram,India. Sir Kalam completed his Aeronotical engineering from Madras Institute of technology.
In 1958 he started working in Defense Research and Davolapment Organization (DRDO) and in 1969 he moved in Indian Space Research Organization(ISRO) where he was the project director of the SLV III, The first missile vehicle that was produced and designed in India.
In 1982 he rejoined DRDO and planned a program that produced the number of successful missiles, because of this program he was named “Missile Man”.
From 1992 to 1997 Sir Kalam was scientific adviser to the defense minister, and later he served as principal scientific adviser (1999–2001) to the government with the rank of cabinet minister. His important role in the country’s 1998 nuclear weapons tests solidified India as a nuclear power.
In 2002 India’s ruling National Democratic Alliance (NDA) put forward Sir Kalam to succeed outgoing President Kocheril Raman Narayanan.Sir Kalam easily won the election and was sworn in as India’s 11th president, a largely ceremonial post, in July 2002.
He left office at the end of his term in 2007 and was succeeded by Pratibha Patil, the country’s first woman president.
Sir Kalam wrote several books, including an autobiography, Wings of Fire (1999). Among his greatest awards were two of the country’s highest honours, the Padma Vibhushan (1990) and the Bharat Ratna (1997).
On July 27, 2015, he collapsed while delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong and was pronounced dead from cardiac attack(RIP).
He was a gentleman and a true Indian who sacrificed his whole life for the country,he is the true inspiration for today’s youth.
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